Modeling and analyzing real-time wireless sensor and actuator networks using actors and model checking

Ehsan Khamespanah, Marjan Sirjani, Kirill Mechitov, Gul Agha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Programmers often use informal worst-case analysis and debugging to ensure that schedulers satisfy real-time requirements. Not only can this process be tedious and error-prone, it is inherently conservative and thus likely to lead to an inefficient use of resources. We propose to use model checking to find a schedule which optimizes the use of resources while satisfying real-time requirements. Specifically, we represent a Wireless sensor and actuator network (WSAN) as a collection of actors whose behaviors are specified using a Java-based actor language extended with operators for real-time scheduling and delay representation. We show how the abstraction mechanism and the compositionality of actors in the actor model may be used to incrementally build a model of a WSAN’s behavior from node-level and network models. We demonstrate the approach with a case study of a distributed real-time data acquisition system for high-frequency sensing using Timed Rebeca modeling language and the Afra model checking tool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)547-561
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal on Software Tools for Technology Transfer
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018


  • Actor
  • Model checking
  • Schedulability analysis
  • Sensor network
  • Timed Rebeca

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems

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