Thirty-four K-bentonites from the Upper Cretaceous Marias River formation in the Montana disturbed belt were studied in detail. A 2.5 m-thick K-bentonite is zoned mineralogically and chemically, the upper and lower contacts of the bed being more illitic and K-rich than the middle portion. K/Ar dates of illite/smectite separated from the bed are also zoned, yielding older ages at the contacts than at the centre. A model for the formation of K-bentonites enclosed by K-rich shale is presented in which K-bentonites form from smectite bentonites during a thermal event (T 100-200oC). Potassium is derived from mineralogical breakdown (probably mica and K-feldspar) in the shale, and migrates by diffusion into the bentonite. (Authors' abstract)-C.N.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1984|
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