Model-Driven Management a of Construction Carbon Footprint: Case Study

Monica Chhatwani, Mani Golparvar Fard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper applies, extends, and verifies a model-driven framework for managing carbon footprint of a construction project using a case study approach. Current construction management practice lacks methods to track carbon footprint of the construction phase since the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methods has remained primarily limited to design and operation phases of a project. In addition, the current methods heavily rely on user inputs on materials and the state of planned-vs.-actual work-in-progress. The presented framework addresses existing inefficiencies by leveraging 4D building information models (BIM) in conjunction with LCA tools to benchmark carbon footprint during pre-construction phases and monitor it during the construction phase. The management framework - built on earned value management concepts - offers metrics to assess and communicate deviations between benchmarked and actual carbon footprint, and facilitates root-cause assessments to minimize performance deviations, and excessive carbon footprints. As a full proof-of-concept, an extended case study is conducted on a real-world project. The application of the proposed management framework as a mechanism for increased environmental product data in the supply chain, establishing policies requiring adherence to a carbon footprint budget during project tendering, and incentivizing reductions in carbon footprint through a cap-and-trade scheme are discussed in detail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationConstruction Research Congress 2016
Subtitle of host publicationOld and New Construction Technologies Converge in Historic San Juan - Proceedings of the 2016 Construction Research Congress, CRC 2016
EditorsJose L. Perdomo-Rivera, Carla Lopez del Puerto, Antonio Gonzalez-Quevedo, Francisco Maldonado-Fortunet, Omar I. Molina-Bas
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages1202-1212
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9780784479827
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventConstruction Research Congress 2016: Old and New Construction Technologies Converge in Historic San Juan, CRC 2016 - San Juan, Puerto Rico
Duration: May 31 2016Jun 2 2016

Publication series

NameConstruction Research Congress 2016: Old and New Construction Technologies Converge in Historic San Juan - Proceedings of the 2016 Construction Research Congress, CRC 2016

Other

OtherConstruction Research Congress 2016: Old and New Construction Technologies Converge in Historic San Juan, CRC 2016
CountryPuerto Rico
CitySan Juan
Period5/31/166/2/16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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