We describe studies of an index-guided ∼4×3 μm2 vertical cavity surface emitting laser with a cw, room temperature 133 μA threshold current and 53% slope efficiency fabricated using selective wet thermal oxidation to provide optical and electrical confinement. While the device operates strictly single mode, a large number of transverse modes are evident in the subthreshold luminescence observed in both vertical and lateral directions. Despite the lumped nature of the index region, the transverse mode wavelengths agree very well with those predicted for a conventional distributed waveguide structure. Waveguide dimensions and an effective index step of 2% between the active and cladding region are determined by fitting the modal data.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)