Mixing for reaction injection molding. I. Impingement mixing of liquids

Charles L. Tucker, Nam P. Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The performance of confined impinging jet mixers, commonly used in reaction injection molding, was investigated. A theory is presented which assumes that large scale mixing is always adequate, provided the mixer operates in turbulent flow, and argues that the scale of segregation of the final mixture should depend on the size of the smallest eddies of the turbulent motion. The theory predicts that a length scale describing the quality of the mixture will decrease like the nozzle Reynolds number to the −3/4 power. Flow visualization experiments were used to find the point of transition to turbulent mixing flow. This transition occurs at a nozzle Reynolds number of 140 for directly opposed nozzles and at higher Reynolds numbers for nozzles angled downstream. Other geometric factors have little influence on the transition point. Quantitative mixing experiments using model fluids support the theory. Momentum ratio is shown to have no effect on mixing quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)875-886
Number of pages12
JournalPolymer Engineering & Science
Issue number13
StatePublished - Sep 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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