Mixing enhancement in a multi-stream injection nozzle

Peter Vorobieff, C. Randall Truman, Adam M. Ragheb, Gregory S Elliott, Julia K. Laystrom-Woodard, Darren M. King, David L. Carroll, Wayne C. Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present quantitative analysis of image sequences of multi-stream injection nozzle flows with several different injection geometries in an experiment simulating mixing in a chemical oxygen-iodine laser. To visualize mixing, image sequences were acquired with planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) in iodine that was injected into the main flow. The injection nozzle consisted of a slot, ejector, and injector block, with rows of ejector and injector holes along the slot length. The ejector flow exits in an underexpanded state so that upon expanding it forces the slot and injector flows together to enhance mixing. For this study, the diameter and geometry of ejector holes were varied to assess their effect on mixing. Two configurations of ejector holes were used, each with two different diameters for a total of four cases with data collected at downstream stations. We carry out a quantitative mixing analysis for these configurations, using two methods to quantify the mixing. The first method considers the statistics of the PLIF image intensity histograms, which are bimodal for poorly-mixed flows and have a single peak in well-mixed flows. The second method quantifies the properties of the mixing interface. Our analysis shows that two injection schemes significantly enhance mixing by stretching the mixing interface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-722
Number of pages12
JournalExperiments in Fluids
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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