Mission analysis and emissions for conventional and hybrid-electric commercial transport aircraft

Gabrielle E. Wroblewski, Phillip J. Ansell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

An evaluation of a hybrid-electric commercial transport aircraft was conducted by analyzing the simulated performance and lifecycle CO2 emissions of a conventional single-aisle commercial transport aircraft and an aircraft with a modified parallel hybrid-electric propulsion system. A flight performance simulation was developed in a MATLAB/Simulink environment using publicly-available aircraft data for the Boeing 737-700 commercial transport aircraft. A parallel hybrid drivetrain, modeled after the CFM56-7B26 turbofan engine, was integrated into the aircraft performance model. Various missions with different degrees of hybridization and battery energy densities were simulated and compared to the conventional turbofan case. CO2 emissions associated with fuel burn and electricity generation for charging battery systems were modeled for each hybrid aircraft configuration. The results indicate that reductions in CO2 emissions per passenger mile are achievable using a parallel hybrid propulsion system, though many hybrid-electric configurations were observed to actually increase emissions, relative to the conventional configuration. A candidate near-term propulsion system configuration was defined, which utilizes a 50% hybrid architecture and a battery energy density of 700 Wh/kg. This configuration was estimated to produce 19.0% less lifecycle CO2 emissions than a modern baseline aircraft, with a max range accessible to over 85% of all global flights, making it a viable option for environmentally-responsible aviation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
Edition210059
ISBN (Print)9781624105241
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
EventAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018 - Kissimmee, United States
Duration: Jan 8 2018Jan 12 2018

Publication series

NameAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018
Number210059

Other

OtherAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018
CountryUnited States
CityKissimmee
Period1/8/181/12/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Wroblewski, G. E., & Ansell, P. J. (2018). Mission analysis and emissions for conventional and hybrid-electric commercial transport aircraft. In AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting (210059 ed.). (AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018; No. 210059). American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2018-2028