MiR-30e-5p and miR-15a synergistically regulate fatty acid metabolism in goat mammary epithelial cells via LRP6 and YAP1

Zhi Chen, Huiling Qiu, Liuan Ma, Jun Luo, Shuang Sun, Kang Kang, Deming Gou, Juan J. Loor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

MicroRNA (miRNA) regulates the expression of genes and influences a series of biological processes, including fatty acid metabolism. We screened the expression of miRNA in goat mammary glands during peak-lactation and non-lactating (“dry”) periods, and performed an in vitro study with goat mammary epithelial cells (GMEC) prior to sequencing analysis. Results illustrated that miR-30e-5p and miR-15a were highly expressed. Utilizing a luciferase reporter assay and Western blot, low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6) and Yes associated protein 1 (YAP1) genes were demonstrated to be a target of miR-30e-5p and miR-15a in GMEC. Moreover, we demonstrated that the overexpression of miR-30e-5p and miR-15a in GMEC promoted fat metabolism while their knockdown impaired fat metabolism. These findings extend the discovery of a key role of miR-30e-5p and miR-15a in mediating adipocyte differentiation by suggesting a role in promoting milk fat synthesis. In conclusion, our findings indicate that miR-30e-5p, together with miR-15a, represses expression of LRP6 and promotes fat metabolism in GMEC. The data expanded our knowledge on the function of miRNAs in milk fat metabolism and synthesis in ruminant mammary cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1909
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2016

Keywords

  • Fat metabolism
  • LRP6
  • MiR-15a
  • MiR-30e-5p
  • YAP1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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