Minimizing Transportation Cost of Prefabricated Modules in Modular Construction Projects

Mohammad Almashaqbeh, Khaled El-Rayes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The objective of this research study is to formulate and develop a novel optimization model that enables planners of modular construction to minimize the total transportation and storage costs of prefabricated modules in modular construction projects. Design/methodology/approach: The model is developed by identifying relevant decision variables, formulating an objective function capable of minimizing the total transportation and storage costs and modelling relevant constraints. The model is implemented by providing all relevant planner-specified data and performing the model optimization computations using mixed-integer programming to generate the optimal solution. Findings: A case study of hybrid modular construction of a healthcare facility is used to evaluate the model performance and demonstrate its capabilities in minimizing the total transportation and onsite storage costs of building prefabricated modules. Research limitations/implications: The model can be most effective in optimizing transportation for prefabricated modules with rectangular shapes and might be less effective for modules with irregular shapes. Further research is needed to consider the shape of onsite storage area and its module arrangement. Practical implications: The developed model supports construction planners in improving the cost effectiveness of modular construction projects by optimizing the transportation of prefabricated modules from factories to construction sites. Originality/value: The original contributions of this research is selecting an optimal module truck assignment from a feasible set of trucks, identifying an optimal delivery day of each module as well as its location and orientation on the assigned truck and complying with relevant constraints including the non-overlap of modules on each truck, shipment weight distribution and aerodynamic drag reduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3847-3867
Number of pages21
JournalEngineering, Construction and Architectural Management
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 7 2022


  • Hybrid modular construction
  • Minimizing transportation cost
  • Mixed-integer programming
  • Modular construction
  • Offsite construction
  • Optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Minimizing Transportation Cost of Prefabricated Modules in Modular Construction Projects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this