Given a linear system, we consider the problem of finding a small set of variables to affect with an input so that the resulting system is controllable. We show that this problem is NP-hard; indeed, we show that even approximating the minimum number of variables that need to be affected within a multiplicative factor of clog n is NP-hard for some positive c. On the positive side, we show it is possible to find sets of variables matching this in approximability barrier in polynomial time. This can be done with a simple greedy heuristic which sequentially picks variables to maximize the rank increase of the controllability matrix. Experiments on Erdos-Renyi random graphs that demonstrate this heuristic almost always succeed at finding the minimum number of variables.
- control design
- linear feedback control systems
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Signal Processing
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Control and Optimization