Mineralogy and composition of the upper mantle

Don L. Anderson, Jay D. Bass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Seismic velocities are calculated for two petrological models of the upper mantle, an olivine‐rich assemblage, pyrolite, and a garnet‐clinopyroxene rich, olivine bearing, assemblage, piclogite. These are compared with recent seismic profiles for various tectonic provinces. The shield data is most consistent with a cold olivine and orthopyroxene‐rich LID (the seismic lithosphere) extending to 150 km followed by a high temperature gradient and/or a change in mineralogy that serves to decrease the velocity. From 200 to 400 km the velocities follow a 1400°C adiabat. The rise‐tectonic mantle is much slower, presumably hotter and is likely to be above the solidus to depths of at least 300 km. The high Vp/Vs ratio of the lower oceanic lithosphere in the western Pacific is most consistent with eclogite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-640
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1984

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mineralogy
upper mantle
olivine
Earth mantle
pyrolite
lithosphere
oceanic lithosphere
eclogite
seismic velocity
temperature gradient
shield
solidus
bedrock
mantle
tectonics
temperature gradients
profiles
province
cold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Mineralogy and composition of the upper mantle. / Anderson, Don L.; Bass, Jay D.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 11, No. 7, 07.1984, p. 637-640.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Anderson, Don L. ; Bass, Jay D. / Mineralogy and composition of the upper mantle. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 1984 ; Vol. 11, No. 7. pp. 637-640.
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