Mindfulness during romantic conflict moderates the impact of negative partner behaviors on cortisol responses

Heidemarie K. Laurent, Robin Hertz, Benjamin Nelson, Sean M. Laurent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study was designed to test whether romantic partners' mindfulness-present moment, nonjudgmental awareness-during a conflict discussion could buffer the effects of negative partner behaviors on neuroendocrine stress responses. Heterosexual couples (n= 88 dyads) provided 5 saliva samples for cortisol assay during a laboratory session involving a conflict discussion task. Conflict behaviors were coded by outside observers using the System for Coding Interactions in Dyads, and partners rated their mindfulness during the task using the Toronto Mindfulness Scale. Interactions tested using multilevel modeling revealed that participants with higher levels of mindfulness during the conflict showed either quicker cortisol recovery or an absence of slowed recovery in the presence of more negative partner behaviors. Whereas the attitudinal component of mindfulness (curiosity) moderated effects of negative partner engagement in the conflict (i.e., attempts to control, coerciveness, negativity and conflict), the attentional component of mindfulness (decentering) moderated the effect of partner disengagement (i.e., withdrawal). These findings lend support to the idea that mindfulness during a stressful interaction can mitigate the physiological impacts of negative behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
JournalHormones and Behavior
Volume79
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Conflict behavior
  • Cortisol
  • Couples
  • HPA
  • Mindfulness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Mindfulness during romantic conflict moderates the impact of negative partner behaviors on cortisol responses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this