Abstract

The effects of following the Mediterranean-Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet on metabolic health remains understudied. This cross-sectional analysis of 163 adults investigated associations between adherence to the MIND, Mediterranean, DASH, and Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2015) diets and metabolic syndrome (MetS) features and visceral adiposity. We hypothesized that the MIND diet would show the most beneficial associations with MetS risk factors. Diet adherence was assessed using the Dietary History Questionnaire II. Visceral adipose was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Waist circumference and systolic and diastolic blood pressures were obtained. Fasting blood triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and glucose concentrations were determined. Stepwise regression analyses were applied. Waist circumference was inversely associated with DASH (β = –0.21, P < .01), HEI-2015 (β = –0.18, P = .01), and MIND (β = –0.19, P < .01). Triglycerides were inversely associated with DASH (β = –0.19, P = .01), HEI-2015 (β = –0.18, P = .02), and MIND (β = –0.23, P < .01). High-density lipoprotein cholesterol was positively associated with Mediterranean (β = 0.18, P = .02) and MIND (β = 0.21, P < .01). Systolic blood pressure was inversely associated with Mediterranean (β = –0.18, P = .02), DASH (β = –0.30, P < .01), HEI-2015 (β = –0.24, P < .01), and MIND (β = –0.25, P < .01). Diastolic blood pressure was inversely associated with Mediterranean (β = –0.26, P < .01), DASH (β = –0.34, P < .01), HEI-2015 (β = –0.24, P < .01), and MIND (β = –0.31, P < .01). Fasting glucose was inversely associated with MIND (β = –0.19, P = .02). Visceral adiposity was inversely associated with Mediterranean (β = –0.19, P < .01), DASH (β = –0.22, P < .01), HEI-2015 (β = –0.22, P < .01), and MIND (β = –0.28, P < .01). Although each diet exhibited potential benefits for metabolic outcomes, only greater MIND diet adherence was associated with lower visceral adiposity and each MetS feature in adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-79
Number of pages11
JournalNutrition Research
Volume116
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Diet quality
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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