Millennium Development Goal shortfalls in Zimbabwe: Analysing the impact of access to water and sanitation on early childhood morbidity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


An Africana feminist framework is presented that considers the ways in which inequality resulting from a historical legacy of political conflict and other dimensions intersect to impact upon the accomplishment of Millennium Development Goals with regards to environmental sustainability and child malnutrition in Zimbabwe. Demographic and Health Surveys are analysed from 1988 to 2011 to examine whether differential access to water and sanitation is predicted by ethnic differences in Zimbabwe, and is predictive of chronic malnutrition. Safe water and sanitation are in short supply, and logistic regression analyses provide evidence that residents in Shona and Ndebele-dominated provinces generally have better access to these resources. Uneven distribution of these development resources has a deleterious impact on early childhood nutrition. This work elicits results that give rise to child health-related policy recommendations that may inform post-2015 discussions of Sustainable Development Goals, namely that within-country ethnic differences must be taken into account.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)802-824
Number of pages23
JournalDevelopment Southern Africa
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2 2017



  • Africa
  • Ethnic divisions
  • Millennium Development Goals
  • Sustainable Development Goals
  • Zimbabwe
  • child morbidity
  • environmental sustainability
  • feminist analysis
  • growth faltering
  • malnutrition
  • maternal and child health
  • water and sanitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development

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