Midwestern Hand-Held Woodworking Tools - a Rarely Recognized Tool Type

Steven L. Boles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The article provides an overview of hand-held woodworking tool being recorded from surface collections in southern Illinois. The tools are rather crude and made from fractured igneous cobbles. The axes, recognized as full-grooved axes, were hafted to handles through grooves pecked around the poll end's circumference opposite the bit. The tradition of axe making evolved through time ending with ungrooved axe-heads, referred commonly as celts, in the Mississippian period.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10--11
JournalIllinois Antiquity
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2016


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