Microstructure-level modeling of ductile iron machining

L. Chuzhoy, R. E. DeVor, S. G. Kapoor, D. J. Bammann

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


A microstructure-level model for simulation of machining of cast irons using the finite element method is presented. The model explicitly combines ferritic and pearlitic grains with graphite nodules to produce the ductile iron structure. The behaviors of pearlite, ferrite, and graphite are captured individually using an internal state variable model for the material model. The behavior of each phase is dependent on strain, strain rate, temperature, and amount of damage. Extensive experimentation was conducted to characterize material strain rate and temperature dependency of both ferrite and pearlite. The model is applied to orthogonal machining of ductile iron. The simulation results demonstrate the feasibility of successfully capturing influence of microstructure on machinability and part performance. The stress, strain, temperature, and damage results obtained from the model are found to correlate well with experimental results found in the literature. Furthermore, the model is capable of handling various microstructures in other heterogeneous materials such as steels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2001
Event2001 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition - New York, NY, United States
Duration: Nov 11 2001Nov 16 2001


Other2001 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew York, NY

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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