Microseismic data acquisition, processing, and event characterization at the Illinois Basin – Decatur Project

Robert Will, George El-Kaseeh, Paul Jaques, Michael Carney, Sallie Greenberg, Robert Finley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Microseismic monitoring at the Illinois Basin – Decatur Project (IBDP) is accomplished using a combination of commercially available components that are integrated to provide real-time analysis and remote processing capabilities by means of a purpose-built data management system and secure web portal. The processing workflow consists of real-time, remote access, and in-house processing components, which provides a seamless path from in-field quality control to final locations with short turn-around times. Event location is performed using an adaptation of the Geiger method, which is designed to be robust for the sparse but localized observation sets typically encountered with injection monitoring. Observed microseismicity displayed distinct linear clustering and increased in distance from the injection well over time, presenting challenges for location accuracy of more distal events. The velocity model, a key component in event location and characterization, evolved through early stages of the project as new wells were drilled providing the opportunity for improved observation geometry and acquisition of additional controlled energy source points for model calibration. The experience gained at IBDP highlights the importance of field systems and processing flows that allow adaptation to evolving operational conditions and microseismic event activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-420
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


  • Acquisition
  • Geiger
  • Mechanism
  • Microseismic
  • Processing
  • Trigger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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