NMR spectroscopy is increasingly being used to characterize microliter and smaller-volume samples. Substances at picomole levels have been identified using NMR spectrometers equipped with microcoil-based probes. NMR probes that incorporate multiple sample chambers enable higher-throughput NMR experiments. Hyphenation of capillary-scale separations and microcoil NMR has also decreased analysis time of mixtures. For example, capillary isotachophoresis/NMR allows the highest mass sensitivity nanoliter-volume flow cells to be used with low microliter volume samples because isotachophoresis concentrates the microliter volume sample into the nanoliter volume NMR detection probe. In addition, the diagnostic capabilities of NMR spectroscopy allow the physico-chemical aspects of a capillary separation process to be characterized on-line. Because of such advances, the application of NMR to smaller samples continues to grow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-716
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Chemical Biology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry


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