Micropropagation of coast redwood (Sequoia Sempervirens)

S. S. Korban, I. W. Sul

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Sequoia sempervirens (Lamb.) Endl., coast redwood, is a long-lived evergreen gymnosperm belonging to the family Taxodiaceae. This species is endemic to the coastal regions of California and Oregon, USA (Srinivasan & Friis, 1989; Ma et al., 2005). The fossil records of the genus Sequoia can be traced back to the Jurassic Period, in China (Endo, 1951). The tree is characterized by a thick, fibrous, and deeply furrowed bark along with a fire-resistant reddish-brown heartwood. Leaves of S. sempervirens are dimorphic, including linear and scale-like leaves. The linear leaves are spirally arranged or occasionally sub-opposite (Ma et al., 2005). The tree is highly valuable not only for ornamental purposes as trees can grow up to 110 m in length, but also for industrial purposes as it grows quite vigorously, rarely suffers from disease or insect attack, and it is resistant to strong winds and other poor climatic conditions. It is the high longevity and size of Sequoia trees that allow for its substantial biomass accumulation (Busing & Fujimori, 2005). In some stands, it exceeds 3500 metric tons/hectar. Thus, S. sempervirens can be used in the timber industry (plywood), paper industry, as well as pulp industry. It is well suited for short rotation coppicing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProtocols for Micropropagation of Woody Trees and Fruits
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Pages23-32
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781402063527
ISBN (Print)9781402063510
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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