Metalloporphyrins are exceedingly useful building blocks for the design and synthesis of molecularly based solids. The use of hydrogen bonding or metal ion coordination provides a wide range of framework solids. Using various polyfunctionalized porphyrins, we have created porous solids that are thermally robust and that retain their internal porosity upon loss of solvates. Their pore dimensions are comparable to zeolites, and they show shape and size selectivity in sorption of guest molecules and in epoxidation of alkenes.
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