Catalytic properties of metal nanoparticles toward gas-phase carbon nanotube (CNT) growth are presented. Narrow dispersions of iron (Fe) and nickel (Ni) nanoparticles are prepared in a direct current microplasma reactor and subsequently introduced with acetylene (C2 H2) and hydrogen (H2) into a heated flow furnace to catalyze CNT growth. Aerosol size classification and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy show that CNT growth occurs on Ni particles at lower temperatures than that for similarly produced Fe nanoparticles. Activation energies of 117 and 73 kJmol are found for Fe and Ni catalyst particles, respectively, suggesting that CNT growth occurs by carbon surface diffusion.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Applied Physics Letters|
|State||Published - 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)