We present a device demonstrating a lithographically patterned transmon integrated with a micromachined cavity resonator. Our two-cavity, one-qubit device is a multilayer microwave-integrated quantum circuit (MMIQC), comprising a basic unit capable of performing circuit-QED operations. We describe the qubit-cavity coupling mechanism of a specialized geometry using an electric-field picture and a circuit model, and obtain specific system parameters using simulations. Fabrication of the MMIQC includes lithography, etching, and metallic bonding of silicon wafers. Superconducting wafer bonding is a critical capability that is demonstrated by a micromachined storage-cavity lifetime of 34.3 μs, corresponding to a quality factor of 2×106 at single-photon energies. The transmon coherence times are T1=6.4 μs, and T2echo=11.7 μs. We measure qubit-cavity dispersive coupling with a rate χqμ/2π=-1.17 MHz, constituting a Jaynes-Cummings system with an interaction strength g/2π=49 MHz. With these parameters we are able to demonstrate circuit-QED operations in the strong dispersive regime with ease. Finally, we highlight several improvements and anticipated extensions of the technology to complex MMIQCs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)