Microfabrication of proangiogenic cell-Laden alginate-g-Pyrrole hydrogels

Ross J. DeVolder, Andrew T. Zill, Jae H. Jeong, Hyunjoon Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Cells have been extensively studied for their uses in various therapies because of their capacities to produce therapeutic proteins and recreate new tissues. It has often been suggested that the efficacy of cell therapies can greatly be improved through the ability to localize and regulate cellular activities at a transplantation site; however, the technologies for this control are lacking. Therefore, this study reports a cell-Laden hydrogel patch engineered to support the proliferation and angiogenic growth factor expression of cells adhered to their surfaces, and to further promote neovascularization. Hydrogels consisting of alginate chemically linked with pyrrole units, termed alginate-g-pyrrole, were prepared through an oxidative cross-linking reaction between pyrrole units. Fibroblasts adhered to the alginate-g-pyrrole hydrogels, and exhibited increased proliferation and overall vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, compared to those on pyrrole-free hydrogels. Furthermore, the alginate-g-pyrrole hydrogel surfaces were modified to present microposts, subsequently increasing the amount of pyrrole units on their surfaces. Cells adhered to the microfabricated gel surfaces exhibited increased proliferation and overall VEGF expression proportional to the density of the microposts. The resulting micropatterned alginate-g-pyrrole hydrogels exhibited increases in the size and density of mature blood vessels when implanted on chick chorioallantoic membranes (CAMs). The hydrogel system developed in this study will be broadly useful for improving the efficacy of a wide array of cell-based wound healing and tissue regenerative therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7718-7726
Number of pages9
Issue number31
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012


  • Adhesion
  • Angiogenesis
  • Cell Activity
  • Cross-linking
  • Growth factors
  • Hydrogel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Biophysics

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