Microdynamics in diverse teams: A review and integration of the diversity and stereotyping literatures

Hans Van Dijk, Bertolt Meyer, Marloes Van Engen, Denise Lewin Loyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research on the consequences of diversity in teams continues to produce inconsistent results. We review the recent developments in diversity research and identify two shortcomings. First, an understanding of the microdynamics affecting processes and outcomes in diverse teams is lacking. Second, diversity research has tended to treat different social categories as equivalent and thus not considered how members' expe-riences may be affected by their social category membership. We address these short-comings by reviewing research on stereotypes, which indicates that stereotypes initiate reinforcing microdynamics among (a) attributions of a target team member's warmth and competence, (b) perceiving members' behavior toward the target team member, and (c) the target team member's behavior. Our review suggests that perceivers' impression formation motivation is the key determinant of the extent to which perceivers continue to treat a target based on categorization. On the basis of our review, we provide an integrative perspective and corresponding model that outlines these MIcrodynamics of Diversity and Stereotyping in Teams (MIDST) and indicates how stereotyping can benefit as well as harm team functioning. We discuss how this integrative perspective on the MIDST relates to the social categorization and the information/decision-making perspective, set a research agenda, and discuss the managerial implications.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-557
Number of pages41
JournalAcademy of Management Annals
Volume11
Issue number1
Early online dateOct 4 2016
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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