MICROCOMPUTER USAGE AS AN OPPORTUNITY: THE INFLUENCE OF CONTEXT IN EMPLOYEE TRAINING

JOSEPH J. MARTOCCHIO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study presents a test of the influence of social context on training outcomes. Specifically, the effects of labeling microcomputer usage as an opportunity were examined on computer anxiety, computer efficacy beliefs, and learning. Nonacademic university employees enrolled in an introductory microcomputer training class were assigned to a session in which microcomputer usage was randomly established as an opportunity or neutral. Two studies were conducted. Study 1 (N= 84) identified the issue characteristics of opportunities and threats as a basis to establish context. Study 2 (N= 79) reported the results of the training. Results indicated that, after controlling for pretraining expectations about microcomputer usage, trainees in the opportunity condition exhibited higher computer efficacy and learning, as well as lower computer anxiety, than trainees in the neutral condition. These findings suggest that labeling the context can be a relatively powerful training intervention. Implications for practice and future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-552
Number of pages24
JournalPersonnel Psychology
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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