Abstract

Nanoantenna-microcavity hybrid systems offer unique platforms for the study and manipulation of light at the nanoscale, since their constituents have either low mode volume or long photon storage time. A nearby dielectric optical cavity can modify the photonic environment surrounding a plasmonic nanoantenna, presenting opportunities to sculpt its spectral response. However, matching the polar opposites for enhanced light-matter interactions remains challenging, as the antenna can be rendered transparent by the cavity through destructive Fano interferences. In this work, we tackle this issue by offering a new plasmonic-photonic interaction framework. By coupling to a photonic crystal guided resonance, a gold nanostar delivers 1 order of magnitude amplified absorption, and the ultrasharp Lorentzian-line-shaped hybrid resonance is continuously tunable over a broad spectral range by scanning of the incidence angle. Our intuitive coupled mode model reveals that a distinct optical pathway highlighting the cavity-mediated activation of nanoantennas is key for absorption enhancement. Moreover, we show that the line width of the enhancement can be widely tunable, and that the maximum power transferred to the antennas is attained under critical coupling. The cooperative hybrid system opens up new opportunities to boost a wealth of applications including ultrasensitive molecular spectroscopy, plasmonic hot carrier chemistry, thermoplasmonic, spontaneous emission enhancement, nanolasers, and many more.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5297-5303
Number of pages7
JournalNano letters
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 14 2019

Keywords

  • Optical microcavity
  • absorption enhancement
  • coupling
  • photonic crystal
  • plasmonic nanoantenna

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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