Microbial conversion of xylose into useful bioproducts

Sujit Sadashiv Jagtap, Christopher V. Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Microorganisms can produce a number of different bioproducts from the sugars in plant biomass. One challenge is devising processes that utilize all of the sugars in lignocellulosic hydrolysates. D-xylose is the second most abundant sugar in these hydrolysates. The microbial conversion of D-xylose to ethanol has been studied extensively; only recently, however, has conversion to bioproducts other than ethanol been explored. Moreover, in the case of yeast, D-xylose may provide a better feedstock for the production of bioproducts other than ethanol, because the relevant pathways are not subject to glucose-dependent repression. In this review, we discuss how different microorganisms are being used to produce novel bioproducts from D-xylose. We also discuss how D-xylose could be potentially used instead of glucose for the production of value-added bioproducts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9015-9036
Number of pages22
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume102
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Keywords

  • Bioproducts
  • Fermentation
  • Hemicellulose
  • Metabolic engineering
  • Xylose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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