Microalgae and cyanobacteria modeling in water resource recovery facilities: A critical review

Brian D. Shoener, Stephanie M. Schramm, Fabrice Béline, Olivier Bernard, Carlos Martínez, Benedek G. Plósz, Spencer Snowling, Jean Philippe Steyer, Borja Valverde-Pérez, Dorottya Wágner, Jeremy S. Guest

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Microalgal and cyanobacterial resource recovery systems could significantly advance nutrient recovery from wastewater by achieving effluent nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) levels below the current limit of technology. The successful implementation of phytoplankton, however, requires the formulation of process models that balance fidelity and simplicity to accurately simulate dynamic performance in response to environmental conditions. This work synthesizes the range of model structures that have been leveraged for algae and cyanobacteria modeling and core model features that are required to enable reliable process modeling in the context of water resource recovery facilities. Results from an extensive literature review of over 300 published phytoplankton models are presented, with particular attention to similarities with and differences from existing strategies to model chemotrophic wastewater treatment processes (e.g., via the Activated Sludge Models, ASMs). Building on published process models, the core requirements of a model structure for algal and cyanobacterial processes are presented, including detailed recommendations for the prediction of growth (under phototrophic, heterotrophic, and mixotrophic conditions), nutrient uptake, carbon uptake and storage, and respiration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100024
JournalWater Research X
Volume2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

Water resources
cyanobacterium
water resource
Recovery
modeling
Phytoplankton
Model structures
Nutrients
phytoplankton
Algae
Wastewater treatment
Phosphorus
Cyanobacteria
Effluents
Wastewater
nutrient uptake
literature review
Nitrogen
activated sludge
respiration

Keywords

  • Growth
  • Lipid storage
  • Nutrient uptake
  • Starch storage
  • Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

Cite this

Microalgae and cyanobacteria modeling in water resource recovery facilities : A critical review. / Shoener, Brian D.; Schramm, Stephanie M.; Béline, Fabrice; Bernard, Olivier; Martínez, Carlos; Plósz, Benedek G.; Snowling, Spencer; Steyer, Jean Philippe; Valverde-Pérez, Borja; Wágner, Dorottya; Guest, Jeremy S.

In: Water Research X, Vol. 2, 100024, 01.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Shoener, BD, Schramm, SM, Béline, F, Bernard, O, Martínez, C, Plósz, BG, Snowling, S, Steyer, JP, Valverde-Pérez, B, Wágner, D & Guest, JS 2019, 'Microalgae and cyanobacteria modeling in water resource recovery facilities: A critical review', Water Research X, vol. 2, 100024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wroa.2018.100024
Shoener BD, Schramm SM, Béline F, Bernard O, Martínez C, Plósz BG et al. Microalgae and cyanobacteria modeling in water resource recovery facilities: A critical review. Water Research X. 2019 Feb 1;2. 100024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wroa.2018.100024
Shoener, Brian D. ; Schramm, Stephanie M. ; Béline, Fabrice ; Bernard, Olivier ; Martínez, Carlos ; Plósz, Benedek G. ; Snowling, Spencer ; Steyer, Jean Philippe ; Valverde-Pérez, Borja ; Wágner, Dorottya ; Guest, Jeremy S. / Microalgae and cyanobacteria modeling in water resource recovery facilities : A critical review. In: Water Research X. 2019 ; Vol. 2.
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