This work describes a simple approach to immobilize functionalized colloidal microstructures onto a C18-coated SiO2 substrate via specific or non-specific biomediated interactions. Biotinylated bovine serum albumin pre-adsorbed onto a C18 surface was used to mediate the surface assembly of streptavidin-coated microbeads (2.8 μm), while a bare C18 surface was used to immobilize anti-Listeria antibody-coated microbeads (2.8 μm) through hydrophobic interactions. For a C18 surface pre-adsorbed with bovine serum albumin, hydrophobic polystyrene microbeads (0.8 μm) and positively charged dimethylamino microbeads (0.8 μm) were allowed to self-assemble onto the surface. A monolayer with high surface coverage was observed for both polystyrene and dimethylamino microbeads. The adsorption characteristics of Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes on these microbead-based surfaces were studied using fluorescence microscopy. Both streptavidin microbeads preadsorbed with biotinylated anti-Listeria antibody and anti-Listeria antibody-coated microbeads showed specific capture of L. monocytogenes, while polystyrene and dimethylamino microbeads captured both E. coli and L. monocytogenes non-specifically. The preparation of microbead-based surfaces for the construction of microfluidic devices for separation, detection, or analysis of specific biological species is discussed.
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