Successive transfers of HLA-DR alpha and beta genes restored expression of HLA-DR antigens to human B-lymphoblastoid cell line, LCL .174, from which all known expressible class II genes are deleted. While transferent cells displayed large amounts of DR on their surfaces, transgene-encoded DR3 molecules lacked a conformation-dependent epitope. DR1-restricted CTL lysis of DR1-expressing transferents pulsed with native influenza virus proteins was greatly reduced; the same cells were efficiently lysed in the presence of CTL-recognized influenza peptides. The properties of DR-expressing transferents of .174 suggest they are defective in producing peptides from exogenous proteins or in forming DR/peptide complexes. Comparison with other DR-expressing deletion mutants indicates that at least one gene in an ~230 kb DNA segment between the DQ1 and Ring 7 loci is needed for normal DR- mediated processing and presentation. Production of DR3 molecules having the conformation-dependent 16.23 epitope and efficient DR1-restricted presentation of influenza viral epitopes occurred in a B cell line that has a mutation specifically eliminating expression of the TAP1 transporter gene, which is in the ~ 230 kb interval and is needed for production of HLA class I/peptide complexes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy