The first direct equilibrium dialysis titration of the blood coagulation protein bovine prothrombin fragment 1 with Mg(II) is presented. Fragment 1 has fewer thermodynamic binding sites for Mg(II) than Ca(II), less overall binding affinity, and significantly less cooperativity. Several nonlinear curve fitting models were tested for describing the binding of fragment 1 with Mg(II), Ca(II), and mixed metal binding data. The Mg(II) data is represented by essentially five equivalent, noninteracting sites; for Ca(II), a model with three tight, cooperative sites and four "loose", equal affinity, noninteracting sites provides the best model. Based on the reported equilibrium dialysis data and in conjunction with other experimental data, a model for the binding of Ca(II) and Mg(II) to bovine prothrombin fragment 1 is proposed. The key difference between the binding of these divalent ions is that Ca(II) apparently causes a specific conformational change reflected by the cooperativity observed in the Ca(II) titration. The binding of Ca(II) ions to the three tight, cooperative sites establishes a conformation that is essential for phospholipid X Ca(II) X protein binding. The filling of the loose sites with Ca(II) ions leads to charge reduction and subsequent phospholipid X Ca(II) X protein complex interaction. Binding of Mg(II) to bovine prothrombin fragment 1 does not yield a complex with the necessary phospholipid-binding conformation. However, Mg(II) is apparently capable of stabilizing the Ca(II) conformation as is observed in the mixed metal ion binding data and the synergism in thrombin formation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Mar 25 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology