Methods of deducing intrinsic measurements of high frequency Atmospheric Gravity Waves (AGWs)

G. Swenson, J. Tang, F. Kamalabadi, S. Franke

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The direction, amplitude, and horizontal and vertical wavelengths are intrinsic attributes of Atmospheric Gravity Waves (AGWs) propagating through the upper atmosphere. The observable airglow modulation has been related to intrinsic amplitude through the 'cancellation factor', the horizontal wavelength from image measurements, and the observed directions from image motion fields. The vertical wavelength is traditionally obtained using the wave dispersion relationship from the intrinsic phase speed, which is deduced from the observed phase speed in images and the Doppler correction from measured winds with either Na lidar or meteor radar. Vertical wavelength can also be deduced from measurements of phase shift with altitude through multiple airglows. Tomographic and multiple layer methods have been modeled and compared in this study. The multiple layer method enables the measurements to be made from ground-based imagers where winds are not available, or from spacecraft where phase speeds can't be measured.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number59790V
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2005
EventRemote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere X - Bruges, Belgium
Duration: Sep 19 2005Sep 21 2005


  • Airglow
  • Atmosphere
  • Imaging
  • Mesosphere
  • Tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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