Method for evaluating the effect of inclination on the performance of large flattened-tube steam condensers with visualization of flow regimes

William A. Davies, Yu Kang, Pega Hrnjak, Anthony M. Jacobi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An experimental study of convective steam condensation inside a large, inclined, flattened-tube air-cooled condenser for power plants is presented. This is the second of a four-part group of papers. The first part presents pressure drop and visualization results, while this study presents the experimental method along with heat transfer results. Follow-up papers present further heat transfer results and the effect of inclination. The condenser in this study is steel with brazed aluminum fins. The condenser measures 10.72 m in length, with a cross section of 214 mm × 16 mm. The condenser tube was cut in half lengthwise and covered with a polycarbonate viewing window in order to provide visualization access simultaneously with the heat transfer measurements. Inlet steam mass flux ranged from 6.2 to 9.5 kg m−2 s−1, and condenser capacity varied from 25 to 31 kW. The angle of inclination was varied from horizontal to 75° downward. The experiments were performed with a uniform fin-face velocity of crossflowing air at 2.2 m/s. Condenser capacity was found to increase linearly with increasing downward inclination angle of the condenser, at a rate of 0.041% per degree of inclination below horizontal. This improvement was found to be the result of improved drainage and increased void fraction near the condenser outlet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)934-941
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume138
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2018

Keywords

  • Air-cooled condenser
  • Condensation
  • Experimental facility
  • Flattened tube
  • Heat transfer
  • Inclination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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