Methionine and arginine supplementation alter inflammatory and oxidative stress responses during lipopolysaccharide challenge in bovine mammary epithelial cells in vitro

H. Dai, D. N. Coleman, L. Hu, I. Martinez-Cortés, M. Wang, C. Parys, X. Shen, J. J. Loor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mastitis, inflammation of the udder, is one of the most common diseases hampering milk yield of dairy cows. Methionine (Met) and arginine (Arg) are key nutrients with potential to regulate inflammation and oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of increased supply of Met and Arg on mRNA and protein abundance associated with innate immune response and redox balance during lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation in primary bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMEC). Primary BMEC (n = 4 replicates per treatment) were pre-incubated for 12 h in media with the following amino acid combinations: ideal profile of amino acids (control; Con), increased Met supply (incMet), increased Arg supply (incArg), and increased supply of Met and Arg (incMetArg). Subsequently, cells were challenged with or without LPS (1 µg/mL) and incubated for 6 h. Data were analyzed as a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial using the MIXED procedure of SAS 9.4 (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC). The downregulation of SLC36A1 and SLC7A1 mRNA abundance induced by LPS was attenuated in the incArg cultures. Although challenge with LPS led to lower abundance of proteins related to the antioxidant response (NFE2L2, NQO1, GPX1), lower levels of ATG7, and lower mRNA abundance of GPX3, we found little effect in cultures with incMet or incArg. Cultures with incMet, incArg, or incMetArg led to attenuation of the upregulation of SOD2 and NOS2 induced by LPS. Abundance of phosphorylated p65 (RELA) was greater after LPS stimulation, but the response was attenuated in cultures with incMet. The greater ratio of pRELA to total RELA in responses to LPS was also attenuated in cultures with incMetArg. The greater mRNA abundance of the proinflammatory cytokine IL1B induced by LPS was attenuated in cultures with incMet, and the same trend induced by LPS on CXCL2 was also alleviated in cultures with incArg. Overall, the data suggest that greater supply of Met and Arg alleviated the proinflammatory responses triggered by LPS through controlling the abundance of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines and activity of NF-κB. Little benefit on oxidative stress induced by LPS challenge in BMEC was detected with greater supply of Met and Arg.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)676-689
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • amino acids
  • immune response
  • mammary epithelial cell
  • mastitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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