Metallurgy and other Technologies

Philip Andrew Johnston, Brett Kaufman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Metallurgy and other technologies were a crucial component of the Phoenician political economy and expansion to the western Mediterranean. Technological prowess was one of the outstanding features of Phoenician culture remembered in ancient documentary sources. The archaeological record bears this out, and provides a complementary perspective to the texts, in particular for the metals that were major drivers and products of the Phoenician colonial diaspora: silver, gold, copper, tin, iron, and lead. Once these products were in the West, interactions with different environments and societies led to a variety of technological innovations. The introduction of novel technologies and their adaptation to suit local contexts and mineralizations were key factors in the rapid development of regions affected by the Phoenicians, and set the stage for the next 2,500 years of Mediterranean economic history.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of the Phoenician and Punic Mediterranean
EditorsBrian R. Doak, Carolina López-Ruiz
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages23
ISBN (Print)978-0-19-049934-1
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019


  • metallurgy
  • gold
  • tin bronze
  • copper
  • iron
  • silver
  • metal
  • technology


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