Metal-catalyzed semiconductor nanowires: A review on the control of growth directions

Seth A. Fortuna, Xiuling Li

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Semiconductor nanowires have become an important building block for nanotechnology. The growth of semiconductor nanowires using a metal catalyst via the vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) or vapor-solid-solid (VSS) mechanism has yielded growth directions in 〈1 1 1〉, 〈1 0 0〉 and 〈1 1 0〉 etc. In this paper, we summarize and discuss a broad range of factors that affect the growth direction of VLS or VSS grown epitaxial semiconductor nanowires, providing an indexed glimpse of the control of nanowire growth directions and thus the mechanical, electrical and optical properties associated with the crystal orientation. The prospect of using planar nanowires for large area planar processing toward future nanowire array-based nanoelectronics and photonic applications is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number024005
JournalSemiconductor Science and Technology
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 22 2010

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Nanowires
nanowires
Metals
Semiconductor materials
Vapors
metals
vapors
Nanoelectronics
Liquids
liquids
nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
Crystal orientation
Photonics
Direction compound
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Electric properties
Optical properties
electrical properties
mechanical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Metal-catalyzed semiconductor nanowires : A review on the control of growth directions. / Fortuna, Seth A.; Li, Xiuling.

In: Semiconductor Science and Technology, Vol. 25, No. 2, 024005, 22.02.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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