Meta-AF: Meta-Learning for Adaptive Filters

Jonah Casebeer, Nicholas J. Bryan, Paris Smaragdis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Adaptive filtering algorithms are pervasive throughout signal processing and have had a material impact on a wide variety of domains including audio processing, telecommunications, biomedical sensing, astrophysics and cosmology, seismology, and many more. Adaptive filters typically operate via specialized online, iterative optimization methods such as least-mean squares or recursive least squares and aim to process signals in unknown or nonstationary environments. Such algorithms, however, can be slow and laborious to develop, require domain expertise to create, and necessitate mathematical insight for improvement. In this work, we seek to improve upon hand-derived adaptive filter algorithms and present a comprehensive framework for learning online, adaptive signal processing algorithms or update rules directly from data. To do so, we frame the development of adaptive filters as a meta-learning problem in the context of deep learning and use a form of self-supervision to learn online iterative update rules for adaptive filters. To demonstrate our approach, we focus on audio applications and systematically develop meta-learned adaptive filters for five canonical audio problems including system identification, acoustic echo cancellation, blind equalization, multi-channel dereverberation, and beamforming.We compare our approach against common baselines and/or recent state-of-the-art methods. We show we can learn high-performing adaptive filters that operate in real-time and, in most cases, significantly outperform each method we compare against - all using a single general-purpose configuration of our approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-370
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio Speech and Language Processing
StatePublished - 2023


  • Adaptive filtering
  • deep learning
  • learning to learn
  • meta learning
  • online optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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