Messenger Bones: The Scapula and European Upper Palaeolithic Rituals

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


While much about the subsistence and settlement systems of Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers has been reconstructed on the basis of faunal, lithic and location data, the belief systems of such groups remain elusive. Cave paintings are the most common source of insight into Palaeolithic belief systems. Portable art objects are more commonly used for insights into social interactions during the Palaeolithic. In this paper, the occurrence of non-human scapula bones in Upper Palaeolithic sites as ritual objects is investigated.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAbstracts of the SAA 77th Annual Meeting 18-22 April, 2012 Memphis, Tennessee
StatePublished - 2012


  • ISAS


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