Mesoscale Meteorology: Cloud and Precipitation Bands

R. M. Rauber, M. Ramamurthy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Synopsis: The term 'precipitation band' describes an area of precipitation that originates from updrafts that are either nonconvective or weakly convective, and is sufficiently elongated that an orientation can be assigned. Precipitation bands are common within extratropical and tropical cyclones, and also develop along topographical and geographical features, such as mountains, islands, coastlines, and lake shores. The taxonomy used to classify precipitation bands derives from radar studies of precipitation structures in various areas of the world. Precipitation bands commonly form as the result of frontogenesis, deformation flow, moist symmetric instability, boundary-layer convergence, gravity waves, topographic effects, and seeder-feeder processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages323-330
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780123822260
ISBN (Print)9780123822253
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Banded structure
  • Bands
  • Clouds
  • Convection
  • Convective storms
  • Cyclones
  • Ducted gravity waves
  • Embedded bands
  • Frontogenesis
  • Fronts
  • Hurricanes
  • Lake-effect storms
  • Land/sea breeze
  • Mesoscale meteorology
  • Moist symmetric instability
  • Precipitation
  • Radar
  • Rainbands
  • Snowbands
  • Squall line

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Rauber, R. M., & Ramamurthy, M. (2015). Mesoscale Meteorology: Cloud and Precipitation Bands. In Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences: Second Edition (pp. 323-330). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-382225-3.00215-2