The α7β1-integrin is an adhesion molecule highly expressed in skeletal muscle that can enhance regeneration in response to eccentric exercise. We have demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), predominantly pericytes, accumulate in muscle (mMSCs) overexpressing the α7B-integrin (MCK:α7B;α7Tg) and contribute to new fiber formation following exercise. Since vascularization is a common event that supports tissue remodeling, we hypothesized that the α7-integrin and/or mMSCs may stimulate vessel growth following eccentric exercise. Wild-type (WT) and α7Tg mice were subjected to single or multiple (3 times/wk, 4 wk) bouts of downhill running exercise. Additionally, 1,1′-dioctadecyl-3,3,3′,3′-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI)-labeled mMSCs were intramuscularly injected into WT recipients. A subset of recipient mice were run downhill before injection to recapitulate the exercised microenvironment. While total number of CD31+ vessels declined in both WT and α7Tg muscle following a single bout of exercise, the number of larger CD31+ vessels with a visible lumen was preferentially increased in α7Tg mice following eccentric exercise training (P < 0.05). mMSC transplantation similarly increased vessel diameter and the total number of neuron-glial antigen-2 (NG2+) arterioles postexercise. Secretion of arteriogenic factors from mMSCs in response to mechanical strain, including epidermal growth factor and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor, may account for vessel remodeling. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that the α7-integrin and mMSCs contribute to increased vessel diameter size and arteriolar density in muscle in response to eccentric exercise. The information in this study has implications for the therapeutic treatment of injured muscle and disorders that result in vessel occlusion, including peripheral artery disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)