Menstruation does not cause anemia: Endometrial thickness correlates positivelyl with Erythrocyte count and hemoglobin concentration in premenopausal women

Kathryn B.H. Clancy, Ilona Nenko, Grazyna Jasienska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Menstruation has often been cited as a risk factor for iron-deficiency anemia. This study tested whether normal, premenopausal women's luteal endometrial thickness (ET) was associated with their red blood cell count (RBC) and hemoglobin concentrations (Hg), and therefore whether a high ET put women at risk for anemia. Endometrial thickness can be considered a reasonable proxy for menstrual blood loss in normal women. Twenty-six healthy women from the Mogielica Human Ecology Study Site in Poland, aged 20-40 years (29 ± 5.3 years, mean ± SD), were selected. Subjects' ET was measured by transvaginal ultrasound in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, and their red blood cell count and hemoglobin concentrations were measured by fasting morning blood samples. Controlling for day of ET measurement, RBC and Hg were positively correlated with ET (r2 = 0.24, P = 0.05; r2 = 0.25, P = 0.04, respectively). We propose that, contrary to popular understanding, a thicker endometrium suggests greater iron reserves, rather than greater risk for anemia, in healthy women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)710-713
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Biology
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Anthropology
  • Genetics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Menstruation does not cause anemia: Endometrial thickness correlates positivelyl with Erythrocyte count and hemoglobin concentration in premenopausal women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this