Men and women have specific needs that facilitate enrollment in HIV-prevention counseling

Marta R. Durantini, Dolores Albarracin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although reducing HIV risk is a primary motive for the design of HIV prevention interventions, the goals of the clients may be very different. Social theories of gender suggest that women, who often seek to resolve social and relational problems, may see HIV-prevention counseling as a mean of resolving partner violence. In contrast, men, who often worry about their physical strength, may seek to enroll in HIV-prevention programs when they experience physical symptoms unrelated to HIV. An unobtrusive study was conducted to observe enrollment in HIV risk-reduction counseling after measuring partner-violence complaints (e.g., feeling threatened or being hit), emotional complaints (e.g., fatigue or anxiety), and physical complaints (e.g., cardiovascular or digestive symptoms). The sample was a group of 350 participants, 70% clients from a state-health department in North Central Florida and 30% community members. Consistent with predictions, complaints of partner violence had a positive association with enrollment in women but not in men, whereas complaints about physical health had a positive association with enrollment in men, but not in women. Emotional complaints did not predict enrollment in either gender group. This study suggests that broad, gender-specific population needs must be competently addressed within HIV-prevention programs and may be strategically used to increase program enrollment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1197-1203
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

Fingerprint

complaint
Counseling
counseling
HIV
Violence
violence
gender
health
fatigue
Social Problems
Health
Risk Reduction Behavior
Group
Fatigue
Emotions
anxiety
Anxiety
community
experience
Population

Keywords

  • HIV prevention
  • dissemination
  • enrollment
  • gender
  • meta-intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Men and women have specific needs that facilitate enrollment in HIV-prevention counseling. / Durantini, Marta R.; Albarracin, Dolores.

In: AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, Vol. 24, No. 10, 01.10.2012, p. 1197-1203.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fde18d55fbe34af4b2a8415fccbb4970,
title = "Men and women have specific needs that facilitate enrollment in HIV-prevention counseling",
abstract = "Although reducing HIV risk is a primary motive for the design of HIV prevention interventions, the goals of the clients may be very different. Social theories of gender suggest that women, who often seek to resolve social and relational problems, may see HIV-prevention counseling as a mean of resolving partner violence. In contrast, men, who often worry about their physical strength, may seek to enroll in HIV-prevention programs when they experience physical symptoms unrelated to HIV. An unobtrusive study was conducted to observe enrollment in HIV risk-reduction counseling after measuring partner-violence complaints (e.g., feeling threatened or being hit), emotional complaints (e.g., fatigue or anxiety), and physical complaints (e.g., cardiovascular or digestive symptoms). The sample was a group of 350 participants, 70{\%} clients from a state-health department in North Central Florida and 30{\%} community members. Consistent with predictions, complaints of partner violence had a positive association with enrollment in women but not in men, whereas complaints about physical health had a positive association with enrollment in men, but not in women. Emotional complaints did not predict enrollment in either gender group. This study suggests that broad, gender-specific population needs must be competently addressed within HIV-prevention programs and may be strategically used to increase program enrollment.",
keywords = "HIV prevention, dissemination, enrollment, gender, meta-intervention",
author = "Durantini, {Marta R.} and Dolores Albarracin",
year = "2012",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/09540121.2012.661834",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "1197--1203",
journal = "AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV",
issn = "0954-0121",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Men and women have specific needs that facilitate enrollment in HIV-prevention counseling

AU - Durantini, Marta R.

AU - Albarracin, Dolores

PY - 2012/10/1

Y1 - 2012/10/1

N2 - Although reducing HIV risk is a primary motive for the design of HIV prevention interventions, the goals of the clients may be very different. Social theories of gender suggest that women, who often seek to resolve social and relational problems, may see HIV-prevention counseling as a mean of resolving partner violence. In contrast, men, who often worry about their physical strength, may seek to enroll in HIV-prevention programs when they experience physical symptoms unrelated to HIV. An unobtrusive study was conducted to observe enrollment in HIV risk-reduction counseling after measuring partner-violence complaints (e.g., feeling threatened or being hit), emotional complaints (e.g., fatigue or anxiety), and physical complaints (e.g., cardiovascular or digestive symptoms). The sample was a group of 350 participants, 70% clients from a state-health department in North Central Florida and 30% community members. Consistent with predictions, complaints of partner violence had a positive association with enrollment in women but not in men, whereas complaints about physical health had a positive association with enrollment in men, but not in women. Emotional complaints did not predict enrollment in either gender group. This study suggests that broad, gender-specific population needs must be competently addressed within HIV-prevention programs and may be strategically used to increase program enrollment.

AB - Although reducing HIV risk is a primary motive for the design of HIV prevention interventions, the goals of the clients may be very different. Social theories of gender suggest that women, who often seek to resolve social and relational problems, may see HIV-prevention counseling as a mean of resolving partner violence. In contrast, men, who often worry about their physical strength, may seek to enroll in HIV-prevention programs when they experience physical symptoms unrelated to HIV. An unobtrusive study was conducted to observe enrollment in HIV risk-reduction counseling after measuring partner-violence complaints (e.g., feeling threatened or being hit), emotional complaints (e.g., fatigue or anxiety), and physical complaints (e.g., cardiovascular or digestive symptoms). The sample was a group of 350 participants, 70% clients from a state-health department in North Central Florida and 30% community members. Consistent with predictions, complaints of partner violence had a positive association with enrollment in women but not in men, whereas complaints about physical health had a positive association with enrollment in men, but not in women. Emotional complaints did not predict enrollment in either gender group. This study suggests that broad, gender-specific population needs must be competently addressed within HIV-prevention programs and may be strategically used to increase program enrollment.

KW - HIV prevention

KW - dissemination

KW - enrollment

KW - gender

KW - meta-intervention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84864654514&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84864654514&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09540121.2012.661834

DO - 10.1080/09540121.2012.661834

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 1197

EP - 1203

JO - AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV

JF - AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV

SN - 0954-0121

IS - 10

ER -