Memory self-efficacy predicts responsiveness to inductive reasoning training in older adults

Brennan R. Payne, Joshua J. Jackson, Patrick L. Hill, Xuefei Gao, Brent W. Roberts, Elizabeth A.L. Stine-Morrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives.In the current study, we assessed the relationship between memory self-efficacy at pretest and responsiveness to inductive reasoning training in a sample of older adults.Methods.Participants completed a measure of self-efficacy assessing beliefs about memory capacity. Participants were then randomly assigned to a waitlist control group or an inductive reasoning training intervention. Latent change score models were used to examine the moderators of change in inductive reasoning.Results.Inductive reasoning showed clear improvements in the training group compared with the control. Within the training group, initial memory capacity beliefs significantly predicted change in inductive reasoning such that those with higher levels of capacity beliefs showed greater responsiveness to the intervention. Further analyses revealed that self-efficacy had effects on how trainees allocated time to the training materials over the course of the intervention.Discussion.Results indicate that self-referential beliefs about cognitive potential may be an important factor contributing to plasticity in adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume67 B
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Cognitive optimization
  • Cognitive training
  • Inductive reasoning
  • Memory self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

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