Melatonin Maintains Homeostasis and Potentiates the Anti-inflammatory Response in Staphylococcus aureus-Induced Mastitis through microRNA-16b/YAP1

Zhi Chen, Kun Wang, Jiahe Guo, Jingpeng Zhou, Juan J. Loor, Zhangping Yang, Yi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Staphylococcus aureus is a highly infectious pathogen and is a considerable threat to food hygiene and safety. Although melatonin is thought to exert an ameliorative effect on bovine mastitis, the regulatory mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we first verified the therapeutic effect of melatonin against S. aureus in vitro and in vivo, a screening of differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs among the blank, and S. aureus and melatonin + S. aureus groups by high-throughput sequencing identified miR-16b and YAP1, which exhibited 1.95-fold upregulated and 1.05-fold downregulated expression, respectively. Moreover, epigenetic studies showed that S. aureus inhibited miR-16b expression by methylation (increased DNMT1 expression). Additionally, the DNMT1 expression level was significantly decreased by melatonin treatment, which might indicate that the inhibition of DNMT1 by melatonin reduces the effect of S. aureus on miR-16b. The flow cytometry, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, EdU assay, and cell morphology results indicated that miR-16b in bovine mammary epithelial cells (in vitro) and in mice (in vivo) can modulate the maintenance of homeostasis and potentiate the anti-inflammatory response. In addition, YAP1 was demonstrated to be the target gene of miR-16b through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, western blot, RNA immunoprecipitation, and functional assays. This study indicates that melatonin inhibits S. aureus-induced inflammation via microRNA-16b/YAP1-mediated regulation, and these findings might provide a new strategy for the prevention of bovine mastitis, facilitating further studies good of zoonotic diseases caused by S. aureus infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15255-15270
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number48
StatePublished - Dec 7 2022


  • S. aureus
  • YAP1
  • mastitis
  • melatonin
  • miR-16b

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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