Meeting 24-h movement behavior guidelines is linked to academic engagement, psychological functioning, and cognitive difficulties in youth with internalizing problems

Yanping Gao, Qian Yu, Felipe B. Schuch, Fabian Herold, M. Mahbub Hossain, Sebastian Ludyga, Markus Gerber, Sean P. Mullen, Albert S. Yeung, Arthur F. Kramer, Alyx Taylor, Robert Schinke, Boris Cheval, Anthony G. Delli Paoli, Jonathan Leo Ng, Tine Van Damme, Martin Block, Paolo M. Cunha, Timothy Olds, Justin A. HaegeleLiye Zou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to investigate associations of meeting 24-h movement behavior (24-HMB: physical activity [PA], screen time [ST] in the school-aged youth, and sleep) guidelines with indicators of academic engagement, psychological functioning, and cognitive function in a national representative sample of U.S. youth. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 1794 participants aged 6 to 17 years old were included for multivariable logistic regression to determine the above-mentioned associations, while adjusting for sociodemographic and health covariates. Results: The proportion of participants who met 24-HMB guideline(s) varied greatly (PA+ ST+ sleep = 34 [weighted 1.17 %], PA + ST = 23 [weighted 1.72 %], PA + sleep = 52 [weighted 2.15 %], PA = 34 [weighted 2.88 %], ST = 142 [weighted 7.5 %], ST+ sleep = 209 [weighted 11.86 %], sleep = 725 [weighted 35.5 %], none = 575 [weighted 37.22 %]). Participants who met ST guideline alone and integrated (ST + Sleep and ST + sleep + PA) guidelines demonstrated the consistently beneficial associations with learning interest/curiosity, caring for school performance, completing required homework, resilience, cognitive difficulties, self-regulation (ps < 0.05). Conclusion: Meeting 24-HMB guidelines in an isolated or integrative manner was associated with improved academic engagement, psychological functioning, and reduced cognitive difficulties. These findings highlight the importance of the promotion of 24-HMB guidelines in youth with internalizing problems. Future longitudinal studies are needed to investigate whether changes or modifications of meeting specific 24-HMB guidelines (especially ST) is beneficial for youth with internalizing problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-186
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume349
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2024

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Physical activity
  • Screen time
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Meeting 24-h movement behavior guidelines is linked to academic engagement, psychological functioning, and cognitive difficulties in youth with internalizing problems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this