Medical Aspects of Individuals With Chronic Diseases and Disabilities

Chungyi Chiu, Connie Sung, Jessica M. Brooks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


According to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF), an individual’s health is related to the interaction among medical aspects (e.g., body function), behavioral aspects (e.g., activities, social participation), and psychosocial aspects (e.g., personal characters, coping styles, culture, environment). This chapter uses the ICF model as a guiding framework to cover sections related to medical aspects of common disability types and chronic illnesses. It explains the basic human body systems and diseases, helps the reader understand medical terminology and diagnostic abbreviations, and elaborates on the side effects of common medications used for managing symptoms. The chapter describes the onset, prevalence, severity, and progression of common chronic illnesses and disabilities, and discusses the psychosocial impact of a disability or a chronic condition on an individual and family. It also explains the various assistive technology categories and universal design concepts.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCertified Rehabilitation Counselor Examination Preparation
EditorsFong Chan, Malachy Bishop, Julie Chronister, Eun-Jeong Lee, Chungyi Chiu
PublisherSpringer Publishing Company
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-8261-5825-3
ISBN (Print)978-0-8261-5824-6
StatePublished - Oct 2021


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