Mechanistic diversity in the RuBisCO superfamily: RuBisCO from rhodospirillum rubrum is not promiscuous for reactions catalyzed by RuBisCO-like proteins

Benjamin P.E. Warlick, Heidi J. Imker, Jaya Sriram, F. Robert Tabita, John A. Gerlt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

d-Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenases (RuBisCOs) are promiscuous, catalyzing not only carboxylation and oxygenation of d-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate but also other promiscuous, presumably nonphysiological, reactions initiated by abstraction of the 3-proton of d-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate. Also, RuBisCO has homologues that do not catalyze carboxylation; these are designated RuBisCO-like proteins or RLPs. Members of the two families of RLPs catalyze reactions in the recycling of 5′-methylthioadenosine (MTA) generated by polyamine synthesis: (1) the 2,3-diketo-5-methylthiopentane 1-phosphate (DK-MTP 1-P) "enolase" reaction in the well-known "methionine salvage" pathway in Bacillus sp. and (2) the 5-methylthio-d-ribulose 1-phosphate (MTRu 1-P) 1,3-isomerase reaction in the recently discovered "MTA-isoprenoid shunt" that generates 1-deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate for nonmevalonate isoprene synthesis in Rhodospirillum rubrum. We first studied the structure and reactivity of DK-MTP 1-P that was reported to decompose rapidly [Ashida, H., Saito, Y., Kojima, C., and Yokota, A. (2008) Biosci., Biotechnol., Biochem. 72, 959-967]. The 2-carbonyl group of DK-MTP 1-P is rapidly hydrated and can undergo enolization both nonenzymatically and enzymatically via the small amount of unhydrated material that is present. We then examined the ability of RuBisCO from R. rubrum to catalyze both of the RLP-catalyzed reactions. Contrary to a previous report [Ashida, H., Saito, Y., Kojima, C., Kobayashi, K., Ogasawara, N., and Yokota, A. (2003) Science 302, 286-290], we were unable to confirm that this RuBisCO catalyzes the DK-MTP 1-P "enolase" reaction either in vitro or in vivo. We also determined that this RuBisCO does not catalyze the MTRu 1-P 1,3-isomerase reaction in vitro. Thus, although RuBisCOs can be functionally promiscuous, RuBisCO from R. rubrum is not promiscuous for either of the known RLP-catalyzed reactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9470-9479
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume51
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 27 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanistic diversity in the RuBisCO superfamily: RuBisCO from rhodospirillum rubrum is not promiscuous for reactions catalyzed by RuBisCO-like proteins'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this