Mechanisms of phase formation during milling in the ternary immiscible Ag-Cu-Fe system

T. Klassen, U. Herr, Robert S Averback

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Powder blends consisting of prealloyed FCC Ag-Cu solid solutions and elemental Fe powders were ball milled in overall compositions of Ag25Cu50Fe25, and Ag40Cu20Fe40. The phase evolution with milling time was investigated by x-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry. For the sample with higher Cu concentration, a ternary FCC alloy phase was formed, while milling the other sample resulted in a two phase mixture consisting of a Ag-rich FCC and an Fe-rich BCC solid solution. About the same amount of enthalpy between 12 and 13 kJ/g-atom is stored in the final states for the two different compositions. Two models based on kinetic and energetic considerations will be discussed and compared to the results. The kinetic model is based on the competition between forced atomic motion during shearing, which is driving the system towards a homogeneous alloy, and thermally activated diffusion, which favors phase separation. For the energetic model, the energy balance is calculated and a phase transformation is expected, if the required energy can be stored in phase boundaries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
EventProceedings of the 1995 Fall MRS Symposium - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: Nov 27 1995Nov 30 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanisms of phase formation during milling in the ternary immiscible Ag-Cu-Fe system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this