Mechanisms for impulsive energy dissipation and small-scale effects in microgranular media

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We study impulse response in one-dimensional homogeneous microgranular chains on a linear elastic substrate. Microgranular interactions are analytically described by the Schwarz contact model which includes nonlinear compressive as well as snap-to and from-contact adhesive effects forming a hysteretic loop in the force deformation relationship. We observe complex transient dynamics, including disintegration of solitary pulses, local clustering, and low-to-high-frequency energy transfers resulting in enhanced energy dissipation. We study in detail the underlying dynamics of cluster formation in the impulsively loaded medium and relate enhanced energy dissipation to the rate of cluster formation. These unusual and interesting dynamical phenomena are shown to be robust over a range of physically feasible conditions and are solely scale effects since they are attributed to surface forces, which have no effect at the macroscale. We establish a universal relation between the reclustering rate and the effective damping in these systems. Our findings demonstrate that scale effects generating new nonlinear features can drastically affect the dynamics and acoustics of microgranular materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number062206
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 11 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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