Mechanical properties and phase stability of monoborides using density functional theory calculations

Hyojung Kim, Dallas R. Trinkle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We compute the structural energies, elastic constants, and stacking fault energies, and investigate the phase stability of monoborides with different compositions X1-x1Xx2B (X=Ti/Fe/Mo/Nb/V) using density functional theory in order to search for Ti monoborides with improved mechanical properties. Our computed Young's modulus and Pugh's modulus ratio, which correlate with stiffness and toughness, agree well with predictions from Vegard's law with the exceptions of mixed monoborides containing Mo and Fe. Among all the monoborides considered in this paper, TiB has the smallest Pugh's ratio, which suggests that the addition of solutes can improve the toughness of a Ti matrix. When X1B and X2B are respectively most stable in the B27 and Bf structures, the mixed monoborides X1-x1Xx2B have a lower or similar stacking fault energy than TiB and could therefore improve the ductility of the Ti matrix. Among all X0.51X0.52B, mixed (Ti0.5Mo0.5)B and mixed (Ti0.5V0.5)B have a higher Young's modulus, a higher Pugh's ratio, and a smaller stacking fault energy than TiB. We also construct phase diagrams and find large solubility limits for solid solutions containing Ti compared to those containing Fe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number013601
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 26 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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